Biodiversity catalog

Neotropical Otter
Lontra longicaudis
perro de agua, nutria de agua
Neotropical Otter

Species IUCN Status

Vulnerable

Projects (Locations)

carbonplus, fisheries, guatemala, sarstun

The neotropical otter lives in areas with extensive water networks that are clear and fast flowing. Traditionally, this species has been found in countries ranging from Mexico throughout Central America to as far south as Argentina, although sadly, it has been extirpated from much of its historical range. Nevertheless, the neotropical otter has adapted well to human development in some areas, and can be found living along agricultural lands, although it cannot survive in polluted waterways or high-silt rivers. This species feeds mainly on fish, crustaceans and mollusks, and breeds during the spring, yielding two to three pups per litter. Due to a lack of recent population data, it has not been classified since 1994, when it was considered vulnerable. The primary threats to the neotropical otter include habitat loss and fragmentation, pollution of waterways, and hunting.